Acne and Cysts
Acne is a skin condition that starts at the base of hair follicles, in the oil glands. It most commonly appears in teens and young adults, although it can appear at any age. Pimples are caused by hair follicles trapped by excess oil and dead skin cells which causes inflammation.
- Too much production of sebum or oil.
- Dead skin cells not shedding properly and irritating hair follicles.
- Bacteria building up on the skin
Acne Types Include:
- Cystic Acne -or severe acne, refers to the most severe form of Acne Vulgaris. These painful lesions are embedded deep within the epidermis and don’t come to the surface of the skin. Those affected may also have numerous blackheads and whiteheads, which can be open or closed.
- Whiteheads – or comedones, is the most common type of acne. Whiteheads are pores which clogged but not inflamed. These clogged pores remain closed creating a little bump on the skin and commonly flesh in color.
- Blackheads – similar to whiteheads but the clogged pores are open which exposes it to air. The exposure to air results in the clogged pores turning black.
- Papules – are small cone-shaped bumps which usually appears red or pink in color. Papules often are tender to the touch without pus.
Pustules – Pustules are like papules which have a yellow or white center caused by pus.
- Nodules – are a severely inflamed, hard bump deep within the skin and may be painful. This type of acne can last for weeks.
Prevention and Treatment of Acne
Making healthy lifestyle choices also promotes healthier skin. Get enough sleep and eat a healthy diet to help prevent pimples before they appear. Practice regular skin cleansing and care and never squeeze or pop pimples.
You can take measures to prevent and control acne. However it can be persistent and recur often. A dermatologist can reduce its severity and lifetime by more than 80%. Treatments range from topical prescriptions to light or laser therapy.
Make an appointment to see a dermatologist at Montgomery Dermatology in Rockville, Maryland for acne help. Learn more about acne https://www.gstatic.com/healthricherkp/pdf/acne.pdf